Hypios CI
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Nanoparticle Based Additive For Reduction In Oxidation of Lubricating Oils

  • 37 500€
  • Fixed Price

The major accelerating factor in the oxidation of lubricating oil is the production of nitrate esters within the oil. Nitrate esters can decompose into free radicals which initiate oxidation reactions. A few experiments have been done to determine the effect of nitrate esters in causing oxidation in lubricating oils. It has also been experimentally proven that decomposing or transforming nitrate esters into stable non free-radical compounds would contribute to the reduction of oxidation.

Nanoparticle Based Additive For Reduction In Oxidation of Lubricating Oils

All automotive lubricating oils are composed of hydrocarbons. These oils are essential for reducing engine friction. When these oils are exposed to the products of fuel combustion, oxidation can be accelerated. This oxidation process is undesirable as it increases viscosity and leads to deposits, varnish and sludge, and thus degrades the lubricating oil and shortens its working life.

The major accelerating factor in the oxidation of lubricating oil is the production of nitrate esters within the oil. Nitrate esters can decompose into free radicals which initiate oxidation reactions. A few experiments have been done to determine the effect of nitrate esters in causing oxidation in lubricating oils. It has also been experimentally proven that  decomposing or transforming nitrate esters into stable non free-radical compounds would contribute to the  reduction of oxidation.

 

Description Of My Innovation

My innovation is based on the inclusion of an additive in the lubricating oil that is capable of transforming the nitrate esters into chemically inert species in order to stop or significantly slow down oxidation. The innovation works without producing free radicals and/or other unstable or reactive products.

My innovation is nanoparticles of potassium hydroxide (KOH) in mineral oil. This oil containing the KOH nanoparticle will be added to the lubricating oil. The potassium hydroxide will be 0.1M per 100ml of oil. The KOH will be in powder form and mixed into the oil and afterwards with the lubricating oil as additive. This type of KOH is called potassium lye and it is commercially available. I am proposing that it be made fine by further pulverization while preventing the formation of water vapour by being processed in 110°C temperature before being completely covered, instantly, in oil. This will prevent the formation of water vapour on the KOH. The oil containing the KOH nanoparticles is mixed into the lubricating oil where it will react with the nitrate esters at the right temperature (above 90° C) to produce soap and alcohol in the saponification process.

In nucliophilic substitution reaction, soap is produced and alcohol is also produced. The alcohol will eventually leave the oil through evaporation at above 90°C temperature.

My innovation is a product that is marketable and can be placed in a metallic can, sealed, with appropriate and beautiful label. The product will be a lubricating oil additive, in oil form, containing nanoparticles of KOH.

 

Summary Of My Innovation

I present an additive for lubricating oil to extend the useful life of the lubricating oil in the vehicle engine. My innovation is nanoparticles of potassium hydroxide (KOH) which will be in mineral oil to prevent water vapour from forming on it. The KOH will be heated while being nanosized at 110°C, for a period long enough to remove all H2O molecules before instantly covered by mineral oil. It is afterwards stored and poured into 100ml metallic container and sealed with beautiful labelling ready for marketing.

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